Acinetobacter lipases: molecular biology, biochemical properties and biotechnological potential

TitleAcinetobacter lipases: molecular biology, biochemical properties and biotechnological potential
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsSnellman E.A, Colwell RR
JournalJournal of industrial microbiology & biotechnologyJournal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology
Type of Article10.1007/s10295-004-0167-0

Lipases (EC have received increased attention recently, evidenced by the increasing amount of information about lipases in the current literature. The renewed interest in this enzyme class is due primarily to investigations of their role in pathogenesis and their increasing use in biotechnological applications [38]. Also, many microbial lipases are available as commercial products, the majority of which are used in detergents, cosmetic production, food flavoring, and organic synthesis. Lipases are valued biocatalysts because they act under mild conditions, are highly stable in organic solvents, show broad substrate specificity, and usually show high regio- and/or stereo-selectivity in catalysis. A number of lipolytic strains of Acinetobacter have been isolated from a variety of sources and their lipases possess many biochemical properties similar to those that have been developed for biotechnological applications. This review discusses the biology of lipase expression in Acinetobacter, with emphasis on those aspects relevant to potential biotechnology applications.