Carbonic anhydrase III: the phosphatase activity is extrinsic

TitleCarbonic anhydrase III: the phosphatase activity is extrinsic
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsKim G., Selengut J., Levine R.L
JournalArchives of biochemistry and biophysicsArchives of biochemistry and biophysics
Type of Article10.1006/abbi.2000.1793
KeywordsAnimals, Carbonic Anhydrases, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cloning, Molecular, Enzyme Activation, Glutathione, Kinetics, Liver, Male, Muscles, Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases, Precipitin Tests, Rabbits, Rats, Rats, Inbred F344, Recombinant Proteins, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization, Time factors

The carbonic anhydrases reversibly hydrate carbon dioxide to yield bicarbonate and hydrogen ion. They have a variety of physiological functions, although the specific roles of each of the 10 known isozymes are unclear. Carbonic anhydrase isozyme III is particularly rich in skeletal muscle and adipocytes, and it is unique among the isozymes in also exhibiting phosphatase activity. Previously published studies provided evidence that the phosphatase activity was intrinsic to carbonic anhydrase III, that it had specificity for tyrosine phosphate, and that activity was regulated by reversible glutathionylation of cysteine186. To study the mechanism of this phosphatase, we cloned and expressed the rat liver carbonic anhydrase III. The purified recombinant had the same specific activity as the carbonic anhydrase purified from rat liver, but it had virtually no phosphatase activity. We attempted to identify an activator of the phosphatase in rat liver and found a protein of approximately 14 kDa, the amount of which correlated with the phosphatase activity of the carbonic anhydrase III fractions. It was identified as liver fatty acid binding protein, which was then purified to test for activity as an activator of the phosphatase and for protein-protein interaction, but neither binding nor activation could be demonstrated. Immunoprecipitation experiments established that carbonic anhydrase III could be separated from the phosphatase activity. Finally, adding additional purification steps completely separated the phosphatase activity from the carbonic anhydrase activity. We conclude that the phosphatase activity previously considered to be intrinsic to carbonic anhydrase III is actually extrinsic. Thus, this isozyme exhibits only the carbon dioxide hydratase and esterase activities characteristic of the other mammalian isozymes, and the phosphatase previously shown to be activated by glutathionylation is not carbonic anhydrase III.