Predicting the distribution of Vibrio spp. in the Chesapeake Bay: a Vibrio cholerae case study

TitlePredicting the distribution of Vibrio spp. in the Chesapeake Bay: a Vibrio cholerae case study
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsG. de Magny C, Long W., Brown C.W, Hood R.R, Huq A., Murtugudde R., Colwell RR
Type of Article10.1007/s10393-009-0273-6

Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, is a naturally occurring inhabitant of the Chesapeake Bay and serves as a predictor for other clinically important vibrios, including Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. A system was constructed to predict the likelihood of the presence of V. cholerae in surface waters of the Chesapeake Bay, with the goal to provide forecasts of the occurrence of this and related pathogenic Vibrio spp. Prediction was achieved by driving an available multivariate empirical habitat model estimating the probability of V. cholerae within a range of temperatures and salinities in the Bay, with hydrodynamically generated predictions of ambient temperature and salinity. The experimental predictions provided both an improved understanding of the in situ variability of V. cholerae, including identification of potential hotspots of occurrence, and usefulness as an early warning system. With further development of the system, prediction of the probability of the occurrence of related pathogenic vibrios in the Chesapeake Bay, notably V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus, will be possible, as well as its transport to any geographical location where sufficient relevant data are available.