Purification and properties of the extracellular lipase, LipA, of Acinetobacter sp. RAG‐1

TitlePurification and properties of the extracellular lipase, LipA, of Acinetobacter sp. RAG‐1
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsSnellman EA, Sullivan ER, Colwell RR
JournalEuropean Journal of BiochemistryEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Type of Article10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.03235.x
ISBN Number1432-1033
KeywordsAcinetobacter sp. RAG‐1, LipA, lipase, protein purification, zymogram

An extracellular lipase, LipA, extracted from Acinetobacter sp. RAG-1 grown on hexadecane was purified and properties of the enzyme investigated. The enzyme is released into the growth medium during the transition to stationary phase. The lipase was harvested from cells grown to stationary phase, and purified with 22% yield and > 10-fold purification. The protein demonstrates little affinity for anion exchange resins, with contaminating proteins removed by passing crude supernatants over a Mono Q column. The lipase was bound to a butyl Sepharose column and eluted in a Triton X-100 gradient. The molecular mass (33 kDa) was determined employing SDS/PAGE. LipA was found to be stable at pH 5.8–9.0, with optimal activity at 9.0. The lipase remained active at temperatures up to 70 °C, with maximal activity observed at 55 °C. LipA is active against a wide range of fatty acid esters of p-nitrophenyl, but preferentially attacks medium length acyl chains (C6, C8). The enzyme demonstrates hydrolytic activity in emulsions of both medium and long chain triglycerides, as demonstrated by zymogram analysis. RAG-1 lipase is stabilized by Ca2+, with no loss in activity observed in preparations containing the cation, compared to a 70% loss over 30 h without Ca2+. The lipase is strongly inhibited by EDTA, Hg2+, and Cu2+, but shows no loss in activity after incubation with other metals or inhibitors examined in this study. The protein retains more than 75% of its initial activity after exposure to organic solvents, but is rapidly deactivated by pyridine. RAG-1 lipase offers potential for use as a biocatalyst.