The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster.

TitleThe genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster.
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsAdams MD, Celniker SE, Holt RA, Evans CA, Gocayne JD, Amanatides PG, Scherer SE, Li PW, Hoskins RA, Galle RF et al.
Date Published2000 Mar 24
KeywordsAnimals, Biological Transport, Chromatin, Cloning, Molecular, Computational Biology, Contig Mapping, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, DNA Repair, DNA Replication, Drosophila melanogaster, Euchromatin, Gene Library, Genes, Insect, Genome, Heterochromatin, Insect Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Biosynthesis, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Transcription, Genetic

The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Efforts are under way to close the remaining gaps; however, the sequence is of sufficient accuracy and contiguity to be declared substantially complete and to support an initial analysis of genome structure and preliminary gene annotation and interpretation. The genome encodes approximately 13,600 genes, somewhat fewer than the smaller Caenorhabditis elegans genome, but with comparable functional diversity.

Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID10731132
Grant ListP50-HG00750 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG003273 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
/ / Howard Hughes Medical Institute / United States